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THE ORDER OF THE PIOUS SCHOOLS THE PIARIST FATHERS IN ASIA

Spain and international context
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Joseph Calasanz was born in 1557 in the Catalan-speaking Aragonese village of Peralta de la Sal, located in the Province of Huesca (Aragon, Spain), near Catalona . Spain's influence in Europe was beginning to diminish, but it still had one last beautiful song to intone for a worlds characterized by both misery and grandiosity. Poverty, the feudal system, plagues, wars, and banditry were all draining the life energy our of Europe and America.
 
Along the international front, the expansion of Protestantism, an intence rivalry between Spain and France, the sacking of Rome, the colonizing attempts of other European countries, and intermittent epidemics preceded the century of Calasanz (1557-1648).
 
The Catholic Church breathed new life into the misery that had been denounced by Martin Luther (1483-1546) with the strength of a revolutionary Coulcil and the boldness of groups of men and women religious who esctablished new ministries and reformed existing ones. There are twenty-six contemporary  saints of Calasanz (six women and twenty-one men). Ten of them worked in Rome: Pius V, Francis Borgia, Philip Neri, Peter Canisius, Charles Borromeo, John Leonardi,  Robert Bellarmine, Camilus de Lelis, Francis Caracciolo, and Joseph Calasanz.